"GEOEKOLOGIYA" No 2, 2011

Contents of "GEOEKOLOGIYA" No 2, 2011

 

About geophysical weapon
V. V. Adushkin and S. I. Kozlov
99
Environment Contamination
Modeling of migration and accumulation of technogenic elements in sediments of inland water reservoir
V. E. Putyrskii and A. P. Frolov
110
Specifics of oil products migration in subsurface water (by the example of monitoring of accident consequences in Czech Republic)
L. Krziz, Z. Wittlingerova, and I. S. Pashkovsky
117
Utilization and Disposal of Wastes
The role of basic rock magmatism in the formation of tectonic structures prospective for industrial effluent disposal on the Siberian platform
A. V. Drozdov
123
Deep disposal of liquid radioactive industrial waste under the nonstandard conditions
B. М. Zil'bershtein
138
Natural and Human-Induced Processes
Seismicity of a northwest part of Russian plate and its glacioisostatic nature
S. A. Nesmeyanov, A. I. Lutikov, O. A. Voejkova, and G. Yu. Dontsova
141
Connection of the Earth crust stress variation to the full solar eclipse and the propagation of magnetic storms
O. G. Popova, A. D. Zhigalin, and Yu. F. Konovalov
157
Assessment of Natural and Human-Induced Hazard and Risk   
Risk assessment of impact by exogenous geological hazards on linear engineering structures based on mathematical morphology of landscape
A. S. Viktorov and V. N. Kapralova
165
Research Methods and Techniques
About the prediction of physico-mechanical properties of soils
A. V. Kolichko and A. N. Shestakova ПА
 
Brief Communication
Results of experimental study of mazut pollution of brown soils
S. 1. Kolesnikov, V. G. Gayvoronskii, E. N. Rotina, M. G. Zharkova, T. V. Denisova, and K. Sh. Kazeev
183
Jubilees
Vasilii Mikhailovich Knat'ko (to the 80th birthday)   188
Chronicle
The eleventh international congress of IAEG (Auckland, New Zealand, September 5-10, 2010)
O. N. Eremina, N. A. Rumyantseva, and D. O. Sergeev
190

 

 

ABOUT GEOPHYSICAL WEAPON
V.V. Adushkin and S.I. Kozlov

Institute of the Geospheres Dynamics, Russian Academy of Sciences,
Leninsky pr., 38, bld. 1, Moscow, 119334, Russia;
E-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

The paper considers various aspects of possible nature use for military purpose. This use of nature and its energy potential is usually referred to as a geophysical weapon. Possible methods and means of ac­tive impact on different Earth envelopes (geospheres) as well as the consequences and effects of these impacts are described. Conclusion is made that the geophysical weapon poses an acute and multisided problem. It requires further comprehensive investigations on the basis of present-day achievements in geophysics and attentive attitude to all sorts of active interference into the environment in order to pre­vent its impermissible changes. In is noted that the geophysical weapon problem is directly related to many geoenvironmental issues.

Key words: active influences, consequences, physical fields, geophysical weapon, geospheres, trigger
effects.

 

MODELING OF MIGRATION AND ACCUMULATION OF TECHNOGENIC ELEMENTS IN SEDIMENTS OF INLAND WATER RESERVOIR
V.E. Putyrsky and A.P. Frolov

Institute of Water Problems, Russian Academy of Sciences, ul. Gubkina 3, Moscow, 119333 Russia; E-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

The problems in water pollution are investigated on the basis of theoretical description of migration and accumulation of suspended solids. The main stages of the work include: the analysis of existing experi­mental data, the development of mathematical models of hydrodynamic interaction between admixture flows in the bottom area, and numerical experiments. Scientific and methodical aspects of contaminant spreading study are discussed. The physical parameters are quantitatively estimated. Admixture accu­mulation in silt is considered. The case studies of technogenic admixture migration in Lake Valdai are selected as the examples.

Key words: in-situ data, numerical experiments, suspended solids, bottom sediments, migration, disper­sion.

 

SPECIFICS OF OIL PRODUCTS MIGRATION IN SUBSURFACE WATER (BY THE EXAMPLE OF MONITORING OF ACCIDENT CONSEQUENCES IN CZECH REPUBLIC)
L. Krziz*, Z. Wittlingerova**, and I.S. Pashkovsky***

*Vodni zdroje chrudim, U Vodarny 137, 53701 Chrudim, Czech Republic;
E-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. **Czech agricultural institute, Ecological Faculty, Prague, Czech Republic;
E-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. . cz
***Geolink Consulting Joint-Stock Co., Varshavskoe shosse 39 A, Moscow, 113105 Russia;
E-mail: ipashkovsky@geolink-group. com

Oil products are the typical pollutants of subsurface water. They represent a complex mixture of organic substances with specific properties. Methyl-tret-butyl ether (MTBE) is one of such substances, which is added to a high-octane gasoline as antidetonator. As compared to other gasoline constituents, MTBE is more highly soluble in water; it manifests lower adsoprption capacity; and almost does not undergo bio-degradation. Due to these properties, MTBE is more mobile in water than other gasoline components. Specifics of gasoline components migration are analyzed by the example of monitoring of accident con­sequences in Czech Republic.

Key words: oil products, miration, subsurface water, monitoring, Czech Republic.

 

THE ROLE OF BASIC ROCK MAGMATISM IN THE FORMATION OF TECTONIC STRUCTURES PROSPECTIVE FOR INDUSTRIAL EFFLUENT DISPOSAL ON THE SIBERIAN PLATFORM
A.V. Drozdov

ALROSA Co. Ltd.
ul. Lenina 39, Mirny, Sakha (Yakutia) Republic, 678170 Russia; E-mail: adrosdov@yna.alrosa-mir. ru

Scales of occurrence and specific features of the effect produced by basic rock bodies on the sedimen­tary cover in the Siberian platform resulting in the formation of numerous tectonic faults are considered. The performed analysis showed that either high-permeability horizons (zones) or peculiar hydrogeologi-cal structures with high filtration-capacitive properties of rocks are observed virtually everywhere on the contacts with trap intrusions.


Key words: basic rock magmatism, tectonic faults, drainage brines, prospective structures, Siberian platform, filtration-capacitive indices of rocks.

 

DEEP DISPOSAL OF LIQUID RADIOACTIVE INDUSTRIALWASTE UNDER THE NONSTANDARD CONDITIONS
B. M. Zil'bershtein

E-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

A nonstandard approach is suggested to the subsurface disposal of radioactive (RW) and other toxic li­quid industrial waste under complex hydrogeological conditions with no traditional scheme for the dis­posal site arrangement. The proposal consists in increasing the density of industrial waste disposed to deep aquifers up to the values, upon which their upward migration is impossible even with the ascending groundwater flows due to the vertical pressure gradient appearing upon pumping. Weighting RW up to a desired level may be achieved by using biopolymer solutions. Performing a comprehensive research of possibilities and applicability limits of this method (including mathematical simulation) appears to be a first-priority task.


Key words: subsurface disposal of RW, liquid waste density, weighting RW, biopolymer solutions, the Techa-Brodsk structure; mathematical simulation.

 

SEISMICITY OF A NORTHWEST PART OF RUSSIAN PLATE AND ITS GLACIOISOSTATIC NATURE
S.A. Nesmeyanov*, A.I. Lutikov**, O.A. Voejkova*, and G.Ju. Dontsova**

*Sergeev Institute of Environmental Geoscience, Russian Academy of Sciences (IEG RAS) Ulanskii per. 13, bld. 2, Moscow, 101000 Russia; E-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
**Geophysical Survey, Russian Academy of Sciences, pr. Lenina 189, Obninsk, Kaluzhskaya oblast, 249035 Russia

Comparison of seismological data to a front boundary of the latest continental glaciation has shown that all the revealed tectonic earthquakes proper are allocated strictly within this glaciation area. The glacier thickness might have reached 1 km at a distance of about 50-100 km from its front, and the amplitude of glacioisostatic lowering and subsequent uplifts could have reached up to 0.3 km. These amplitudes and speeds of vertical glacioisostatic movements may probably have induced the recent (including Holocene) "revival" of buried rupture zones with the amplitude of movements in the crystal foundation blocks of about tens meters. This explains the modern seismicity localization within the area covered by the latest glacial shield. For the historical period, the pulsations of seismic activity were noted, the latest activiza-tion phase being registered in the end of the 20th — the beginning of the 21st centuries. The general trend to a decrease in seismotectonic activity in Holocene does not allow us to apply the parameters of the Ear­ly Holocene and more ancient seismic dislocations to characterization of modern seismicity.

Key words: glacioisostatic movements, glacial cover, seismicity, magnitude, earthquake catalog, tec­tonic earthquake, non-tectonic earthquake, historical earthquakes.

 

CONNECTION OF THE EARTH CRUST STRESS VARIATION TO THE FULL SOLAR ECLIPSE AND THE PROPAGATION OF MAGNETIC STORMS
O.G. Popova*, A.D. Zhigalin*, and Yu.F. Konovalov**

* Sergeev Institute of Environmental Geoscience, Russian Academy of Sciences,
Ulanskii per. 13,
bld. 2, Moscow, 101000 Russia; E-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
** VNIIAES Project office, B. Strochanovskii per. 25a, Moscow, Russia;
E-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

The influence of the solar eclipse and magnetic stroms on the sesmic activity intensification was consid­ered for several seismic zones in Russia for the period of 2004-2008. It is determined that the influence of magnetic storms on the seismicity does not always correlate directly with the magnetic storm intensity. The same magnetic storm may intensify in some regions and may not intensify it in the other regions. The full solar eclipse and magnetic storms intensify seismicity only in case the geological environment occurs in the stress state (the trigger effect). For all considered regions (except the northernmost regions, i.e., Yakutia and the Kola Peninsula), the seismicity intensification is registered in less than 40% cases. The influence of the full solar eclipse and magnetic storms on the amplitude-frequence characteristics of the microseismic noise is proved.


Key words: seismic activity, stress state, solar eclipse, magnetic storm, microseismic noise.

 

RISK ASSESSMENT OF IMPACT BY EXOGENOUS GEOLOGICAL
HAZARDS ON LINEAR ENGINEERING STRUCTURES BASED ON
MATHEMATICAL MORPHOLOGY OF LANDSCAPE

A.S. Viktorov and V.N. Kapralova

Sergeev Institute of Environmental Geoscience, Russian Academy of Sciences, Ulansky per. 13, bid. 2, Moscow, 101000 Russia; E-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

The paper deals with a new approach to risk assessment of impact by exogenous geological hazards on engineering structures based on the methods of mathematical morphology of landscape. Assumptions of the models are made for areas subject to soil subsidence, karst and thermokarst processes; being proved by the experimental data on thermokarst plains. Testing plots with thermokarst lakes have been digitized, and the convergence between theoretical assumptions and empirical data has been checked. The results obtained prove a good agreement between the empirical and theoretical data.

Key words: mathematical morphology of landscape, estimation of risk, thermokarst, monitoring, remote sensing.

 

ABOUT THE PREDICTION OF PHYSICO-MECHANICAL PROPERTIES OF SOILS
A.V. Kolichko and A.N. Shestakova

GeoPlusProect Ltd., Staroalekseevskaya ul. 7, Moscow, 129626 Russia; E-mail: info@geoplus-project. ru

The effective use of the available information about the relationship between physico-mechanical char­acteristics of soils and their composition and state raises the quality of engineering-geological predic­tion. The correlation method, which uses a limited number of comparable features, is usually applied to solve this problem. This paper describes the solution of this problem with the aid of mathematical theory of recognition making it possible to compare the objects on the basis of infinite number of features, both quantitative and qualitative. A special computer program "Win Clust" is used for this purpose.

Key words: physico-mechanical properties, engineering-geological analog method, mathematical the­ory of pattern recognition, informative database, analog database, multiple correlation coefficient, den­drogram.

 

RESULTS OF EXPERIMENTAL STUDY OF MAZUT POLLUTION OF BROWN SOILS
S.I. Kolesnikov, V.G. Gayvoronskii, E.N. Rotina, M.G. Zharkova, T. V. Denisova and K. Sh. Kazeev

Southern Federal University, Bol'shaya Sadovaya ul. 105, Rostov-on-Don, 344006 Russia;
E-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

The environmentally friendly concentration of mazut in soil is established as follows: 0.3% for cher­nozem and 0.1% for brown soil.

Key words: pollution, mazut, brown forest soil, vertic chernozem, environmentally friendly concentra­tions.