Environmental Geoscience journal

"GEOEKOLOGIYA" No 5, 2012

Contents of "GEOEKOLOGIYA" No 5, 2012

PROCEEDINGS OF THE INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE "ENGEOPRO-2011"
The map of intensity of the present-day geological processes and geological hazards for the development of the Russian Federation territory, scale 1:2 500 000
V. S. Krupoderov, Â. Ì. Krestin, I. V. Malneva, and V. I. Diakonova
389
Regional information-measurement system for continuous monitoring of atmospheric ground layer and forecasting of dangerous weather phenomena
A. A. Tikhomirov, A. Ya. Bogushevich, V. A. Korolkov, and A. A. Kobzev
398
Monitoring of engineering protection of objects in the Imeretinskaya lowland
A. D. Potapov, M. E. Leibman, A. A. Lavrusevich, S. N. Chernyshev, I. M. Markova, A. Yu. Bakalov, and V. S. Krasheninnikov
406
FUNCTIONING OF NATURAL AND NATURAL ANTHROPOGENIC SYSTEMS
Estimation of hydrogeological conditions for the subsurface development of "Udachnaya" diamond pipe
F. G. Atroshchenko
414
ENVIRONMENT CONTAMINATION
Ecological and geochemical estimation of aerotechnogenic pollution of the urban territory by the snow-cover condition
N. G. Kuimova, A. G. Sergeeva, L. P. Shumilova, L. M. Pavlova, and I. G. Borisova
422
UTILIZATION AND DISPOSAL OF WASTE
Conservatism principle for the safety assessment of the high-level radioactive waste repository
Â. Ò. Kochkin
436
NATURAL AND HUMAN-INDUCED PROCESSES
Features of East European platform seismicity
A. D. Zhigalin, and A. V. Nikolaev
449
SOIL AND ROCK ENGINEERING
Transformation of physical properties of sand contaminated with oil products upon bacterial impact
K. V. Titov, Yu. T. 11'in, P. K. Konosavskii, A. V. Muslimov, O. V. Rybal'chenko, O. G. Orlova, and A. Meneau
455
Influence of electrolyte nature on the coagulation of saponite-bearing clay minerals
A. S. Tutygin, M.A. Aizenshtadt, A. M. Aizenshtadt, and T. A. Makhova
470
BOOK REVIEW
Geological analysis of causes, morphology and dynamics of disastrous ice-and-stone rockfalls
V. T. Trofimov
475
CHRONICLE
International scientific conference "Ecology of ancient and traditional societies"
O. N.Trapeznikova All
 
JUBILEES
Ivan Penkov Ivanov (to the 85th birthday)
 
478

 

THE MAP OF INTENSITY OF THE PRESENT-DAY GEOLOGICAL PROCESSES AND GEOLOGICAL HAZARDS FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION TERRITORY, SCALE 1:2 500 000

V. S. Krupoderov, B. M. Krestin, I. V. Malneva, V. I. Diakonova

Federal State Unitary Enterprise All-Russian Research Institute of Hydrogeology and
Eingineering Geology (FGUP VSEGINGEO) Zelenyi, Noginsk region, Moscow oblast, 142452 Russia. E-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

The map of intentisy assessment of the present-day geological processes and geological hazards for the development of the Russia territory built to a scale of 1:2 500 000 reflects regularities in the distribution of intensity and hazard of exogenic and endogenic geological processes.

Key words: intensity, affection degree, hazard, exogenic geological processes, landslides, mudflows, abrasion, erosion.

REGIONAL INFORMATION-MEASUREMENT SYSTEM FOR CONTINUOUS MONITORING OF ATMOSPHERIC GROUND LAYER AND FORECASTING OF DANGEROUS WEATHER PHENOMENA

A. A. Tikhomirov, A. Ya. Bogushevich, V. A. Korolkov, A. A. Kobzev

Institute of Monitoring of Climatic and Ecological Systems,
Siberian Branch of Russian Academy of Sciences, (IMCES SB RAS),
pr. Akademicheskii, 10/3, Tomsk, 634055 Russia.
E-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

A description and preliminary results obtained with the information-measurement system based on AMK-03 automatic ultrasonic weather stations (AUWS) are reported. The system consists of three AUWSs that are spaced few tens kilometers apart, controllers which provide communication with AUWS via the Internet, the data acquisition server and software. Possibilities of monitoring and very short-range forecast of changes in the local meteorological fields are shown.

 

Key words: monitoring, atmosphere, dangerous weather phenomena, information-measurement system, forecast.

MONITORING OF ENGINEERING PROTECTION OF OBJECTS IN THE IMERETINSKAYA LOWLAND

A. D. Potapov, M. E. Leibman, A. A. Lavrusevich, S. N. Chernyshev, I. M. Markova, A. Yu. Bakalov, and V. S. Krasheninnikov

Moscow State Construction University,
Yaroslavskoe shosse, 26, Moscow, 129337 Russia. E-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

The article provides a brief description of the Imeretinskaya lowland, where the facilities for the 2014 Winter Olympic Games are under construction. The complex engineering-geological and hydrogeologi-cal conditions are shown. The main measures on the engineering protection of area and the related envi-ronmental changes are briefly characterized. The necessity for the immediate arrangement of a compre-hensive monitoring in the Imeretinskaya lowland is proved.

Key words: Imeretinskaya lowland, comprehensive monitoring, the Mzymta River, the Psou River, engi-neering protection, amelioration system, groundwater, aquifer, ecological monitoring, environment.

ESTIMATION OF HYDROGEOLOGICAL CONDITIONS FOR THE SUBSURFACE DEVELOPMENT OF"UDACHAYA" DIAMOND PIPE

F.G. Atroshchenko

VNIMIInc, 22-ya liniya V.O. 3, St.Petersburg, 199106Russia. E-mail: fatroshchenko@dhspb. ru

In the Yakut diamond province, the open-pit industrial development of diamond pipes has been almost finished. In this regard, the majority of mining and processing works at the ALROSA Joint-Stock Co. are regularly passing to the underground mining. Measures on the elimination of possible underground water in-rush are very important, as they can cause flooding of mine workings. The estimation of forecast inflows is given with the reference to the adopted mining method with roof caving and drainage water discharge to the subsurface permafrost.

Key words: deposits, permafrost soils, forecast inflows, geofiltration scheme, disposal, cone of depression.

ECOLOGO-GEOCHEMICAL ESTIMATION OF AEROTECHNOGENIC POLLUTION OF THE URBAN TERRITORY BY THE SNOW COVER CONDITION

N.G. Kuimova*.**, A.G. Sergeeva*, L.P. Shumilova**, L.M. Pavlova*, I.G. Borisova**

* Institute of Geology and Natural Management, Far East Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences,
Relochnyi per. 1, Blagoveshchensk, 675000 Russia
** Amur Branch of Botanical Garden-Institute, Far East Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences, Ignat'evskoe shosse, 2nd km, Blagoveshchensk 675000 Russia. E-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Technogenic pollution of snow cover in Blagoveshchensk (Amur region) is studied. Areas with the maximal dust loading are revealed. Maps of technogenic dispersion of heavy metals are compiled. Aero-technogenic pollution of territory is controlled not only by the emission source location, but also by the geographical position of the city in the fioodpain between two large rivers (Amur and Zeya). Therefore, a specific thermohydrodynamic model of air fluxes is formed, which defines wide areas of the snow-cover pollution by heavy metals. The transboundary transfer of pollutants with the air from China may by one of the reasons for aerotechnogenic pollution.

Key words: urban territories, snow cover, heavy metals, technogenic pollution.

CONSERVATISM PRINCIPLE FOR THE SAFETY ASSESSMENT OF THE HIGH-LEVEL RADIOACTIVE WASTE REPOSITORY

B.T. Kochkin

Institute of geology of ore deposits, petrography, mineralogy and geochemistry,
Russian Academy of Sciences,
Staromonetny per. 35, Moscow, 119017 Russia.
E-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

The article characterizes safety assessment in decision making on the project of HLW and SNF disposal in Russia under the current regulations. Problems, arising in the study of geological environment with a view of preparing the safety case, have been analyzed. Recommendations have been formulated for geological investigations at the stage of characterizing the site for Russian repository in Nizhnekansky granite massif (the Krasnoyarsk region). Recommendations concern the collection of data necessary to develop scenarios and perform the safety forecast for the future repository. Recommendations are aimed at reducing uncertainties and increasing credibility of the safety assessment, which will be performed under the conditions of lacking information. The basic approach is to limit and specify geological tasks by reasonable reducing the number of processes in scenarios and models.

Key words: high level radioactive waste and spent nuclear fuel, repository in crystalline rocks, safety assessment, radionuclide transport modeling, uncertainties in scenarios and parameters.

FEATURES OF EAST EUROPEAN PLATFORM SEISMICITY

A.D. Zhigalin, A.V. Nikolaev

Sergeev Institute of Environmental Geoscience, Russian Academy of Sciences
Ulanskii per. 13, bid. 2, Moscow, 101000 Russia.
E-mail: zhigalin. alek@yandex. ru

The East European platform is characterized by low natural seismicity (up to 5 points). Tectonic earthquakes come to the central part of the East European Platform from Fennoscandia, Central Asia and Carpathians. Seismic waves arriving from remote earthquakes do not bear any significant destructive potential, but cause a psychological effect. From this point of view, the seismicity problem in the East European Platform is not only a scientific or engineering problem, but being also of great social importance, it demands serious attention and adequate solution.

Key words: East European platform, seismic hazard, remote earthquakes, social problems.

TRANSFORMATION OF PHYSICAL PROPERTIES OF SAND CONTAMINATED WITH OIL PRODUCTS UPON BACTERIAL IMPACT

K. V. Titov*, Yu. T. Il'in*, P. K. Konosavskii*, A. V. Muslimov*, O. V. Rybal'chenko**, O. G. Orlova**, and A. Meneau***

* Geological Faculty, St. Petersburg State University
Universitetskaya nab.7/9, St. Petersburg, 199034 Russia.
E-mail: kt This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. , This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
**Medical Faculty, St. Petersburg State University
V.O., 21-yaliniya, 8a, St.Petersburg, 199106Russia
***Paris Institute of the Earth s Physics, rue Jussieu 1, Paris, 75005 France

The laboratory data on physical properties of oil-contaminated sand subject to the microbial activity are presented. The bacterial cells concentration, the oil content, and the electrical parameters (electrical resistivity, self potential and induced polarization) were measured in soils during the experiment. In the end of the bacterial growth cycle, the pore water resistivity, the hydraulic conductivity and the electro-kinetic coupling coefficient were measured. We also studied the chemical composition of the pore water and the electronic microscope images of soils and bacteria. We found that the development of microbial communities resulted in the degradation of oil products, the growth of the pore water salinity and modification of its chemical composition. It also lowered the hydraulic conductivity and electrokinetic coupling coefficient of soils. These transformations in the physical and chemical properties we associated to modifications in the soil texture as a result of bacterial activity, and, possibly, to the dissolution of the solid particles.

Key words: oil pollution, laboratory experiments, the activity of microorganisms, hydraulic conductivity, electrokinetic coefficient, bio degradation.

INFLUENCE OF ELECTROLYTE NATURE ON THE COAGULATION OF SAPONITE-BEARING CLAY MINERALS

A.S. Tutygin, M.A. Aizenshtadt, A.M. Aizenshtadt and T.A. Makhova

Northern (Arctic) Federal University,
nab. Severnoi Dviny 17, Arkhangelsk, 163002 Russia.
E-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

The influence of electrolyte nature on the process of turnaround water clarification has been studied for the Lomonosov diamond deposit. The water clarification process is proved to follow the classical laws of electrolytic coagulation. Positively charged particles should be used as counterions. Coagulating power of ion H+ is noted to be higher than that of Na+. The velocities of particle sedimentation have been calculated; it is shown that the maximal degree of the liquid phase clarification is equal to 70% under the optimal conditions.

Key words: electrolyte, coagulation, saponite, transmittance, surface energy.