"GEOEKOLOGIYA" No 3, 2015

Contents of "GEOEKOLOGIYA" No 3, 2015

Fundamentals of assessing territory vulnerability to hazardous natural processes determining emergencies (principles and approaches)
V. I. Osipov, V. N. Burova, V. G. Zaikanov, T. B. Minakova
195
FUNCTIONING OF NATURAL AND NATURAL ANTHROPOGENIC SYSTEMS
Formation of potable groundwater deposits upon mining in the mountain Urals
L. S. Rybnikova, P. A. Rybnikov
204
Geomechanical substantiation of "dry" waste rock accumulation within hydraulic sludge dumps
Yu. I. Koutepov, N. A. Koutepova, M. A. Karasev, N. G. Fomenko
220
ENVIRONMENT CONTAMINATION
226Ra and 232Th in rocks and sediments of the Belorechenskoe ore field territory (Greater Caucasus)
Ya. V. Popov, E. A. Buraeva, V. S. Nefedov, E. V. Dergacheva, A. A. Goncharenko, R. A. Tsitsuashvili
226
Soil pollution by paint and varnish production
M. I. Kazyrenka, T. I. Kukcharchyk
230
Ecogeochemical assessment of Tsemess bay
V. A. Alekseenko, E. V. Vlasova
239
NATURAL AND HUMAN-INDUCED PROCESSES
Hydrogeochemical features of karst development under modern conditions
V. P. Zverev, I. A. Kostikova
248
Seismicity of Russia in 2013
A. A. Malovichko, M. V. Kolomiets, A. I. Ruzaykin
257
RESEARCH METHODS AND TECHNIQUES
Statistical analysis of pollutant distribution by the surface soil layer in urban areas using mathematical models (LUR method)
A. G. Buevich, A. M. Safina, A. P. Sergeev, A. N. Varaksin, A. N. Medvedev
268
Method of measuring stress-strain state of oil and gas pipelines
S. V. Bekhterev, A. A. Ginzburg, A. B. Manukin
280
PEOPLE OF SCIENCE
Nikolaii Ivanovich Kriger (to the 100th birthday)
 
286

 

FUNDAMENTALS OF ASSESSING TERRITORY VULNERABILITY TO HAZARDOUS NATURAL PROCESSES DETERMINING EMERGENCIES (PRINCIPLES AND APPROACHES)

V. I. Osipov, V. N. Burova, V. G. Zaikanov, Т. В. Minakova

Sergeev Institute of Environmental Geoscience, Russian Academy of Sciences,
Ulanskii per. 13, bid. 2, Moscow, 101000 Russia. E-mail: [email protected] ru

The paper discusses principles and offers a methodical approach to the assessment of vulnerable areas to possible manifestation of natural hazards. The assessment is based on the geosystem principle. The assessment is carried out consistently at all hierarchical levels of geosystems. Establishing quantitative relationships between the values of the parameters influencing the process and recipients, as well as the expected effects of emergencies forms the basis of assessment of the territory vulnerability.

Keywords: natural hazards, vulnerability recipients, geosystem, natural components, economic facilities, emergency situations.

FORMATION OF POTABLE GROUNDWATER DEPOSITS UPON MINING IN THE URALS

L. S. Rybnikova*,**, P. A. Rybnikov*

*Institute of Mining, Ural Division, Russian Academy of Sciences,
ul. Mamina-Sibiryaka 58, Ekaterinburg, 620219 Russia. E-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
**Russian Research Institute for Integrated Use and Protection of Water Resources,
ul. Mir'a 23, Yekaterinburg, 620049 Russia. E-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

The article considers the formation of potable groundwater deposits in the area disturbed by mining. The transformation regularities in the groundwater chemical composition are analyzed and systematized using the typical cases. It is shown that after the completion of mining activities the possible use of groundwater is controlled both by natural and mining-operation factors, including the type of minerals, the rehabilitation method applied in the disturbed area, as well as the water-intake facility design.

Keywords: groundwater, drinking quality, deposit, water bodies, intake, minerals, mining operations.

GEOMECHANICAL SUBSTANTIATION OF DRY WASTE ROCK ACCUMULATION WITHIN HYDRAULIC SLUDGE DUMPS

Yu. I. Koutepov*, N. A. Koutepova*, M. A. Karasev*, N. G. Fomenko**

*National Mineral Resource University "Gornyi", V.O. 21-ya liniya, St.Petersburg, 199155 Russia.
E-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
**KuzbassrazrezugolJSC, Novokuznetsk, 654054 Russia. E-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

The article considers geomechanical aspects of dry waste rock formation on hydraulically accumulated sludge dumps. The Eulerian approach is used for numerical simulation of crushed rocks intrusion into weak sludge deposits. The pattern of reshaping and restructuring of hydraulic sludge massif is obtained depending on the intensity of its loading upon waste dump accumulation.

Keywords: sludge pond, aggraded massif, dry dumps, numerical simulation, Eulerian approach, large deformation, geodynamical processes, shape transformation.

226Ra AND 232Th IN ROCKS AND SEDIMENTS OF THE BELORECHENSKOE ORE FIELD TERRITORY (GREATER CAUCASUS)

Yu. V. Popov*, E. A. Buraeva**, V. S. Nefedov**, E. V. Dergacheva**,

A. A. Goncharenko*, R. A. Tsitsuashvili*
*Institute of Earth Sciences, Southern Federal University,
ul. Zorge 40, Rostov-on-Don, 344090 Russia. E-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
**Research Institute of Physics, Southern Federal University,
ul. Stachki 194, Rostov-on-Don, 344090 Russia

The recent data on the content and distribution of natural radionuclides, i.e., 226Ra and 232Th, in rocks and bottom sediments in the "mine galleries - Berezovyi creek — Syuk River" system located in the territory of the Belorechenskoe ore field (Republic of Adygea, Maikop regiont) are presented.

Keywords: natural radionuclides, uranium, thorium, rock, bottom sediment.

SOIL POLLUTION BY PAINT AND VARNISH PRODUCTION

M. I. Kazyrenka, T. I. Kukcharchyk

Institute for Nature Management, National Academy of Sciences of Belarus
и I. Skoriny 10, Minsk, 220114 Belarus.
E-mail: [email protected] basnet, by

Sources of heavy metals and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) discharges to soil from paint and varnish production are analyzed; and the specific impact of paint and varnish production on environment is shown. Field investigations revealed high levels of lead, zinc, chromium and PCBs accumulation in soil in the impact zone of one of the biggest enterprises in Belarus. The formation of primary pedogeochemi-cal anomaly within the enterprise area is proved to be caused by the pollutant spreading with raw materials and wastes. The surface runoff is shown to play an important role in the redistribution of pollutants in soil and the formation of secondary anomalies in landscapes outside the enterprise area. Local anomalies with high level of heavy metals in soil are revealed near painted houses.

Keywords: soil pollution, paint and varnish production, pigments, heavy metals, polychlorinated biphenyls.

ECOGEOCHEMICAL ASSESSMENT OF TSEMESS BAY

V. A. Alekseenko, E. V. Vlasova

Southern Federal University, ul. Lenina 54, Novorossiysk,
353918 Russia. E-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. ; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

The quantitative ecological and geochemical assessment of Tsemess Bay's current condition is given. The possible use of Cystoseira barbata, Entheromorpha intestinales, and Padina pavonia seaweeds as bio-geochemical and geobotanical indicators for Tsemess Bay is considered. The areas with different ecological conditions are distinguished. The efficiency of using bioindication in Tsemess Bay is shown.

Keywords: bioindication, Tsemess Bay, geochemical landscape, Cystoseira barbata, Entheromorpha intestinales, Padina pavonia.

HYDROGEOCHEMICAL FEATURES OF KARST DEVELOPMENT UNDER MODERN CONDITIONS

V. P. Zverev, I. A. Kostikova

Sergeev Institute of Environmental Geoscience, Russian Academy of Sciences,
Ulanskii per. 13, bid. 2, Moscow, 101000 Russia. E-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Karst is regarded as a geological and physicochemical process of interaction between the natural water and soluble rocks. Its development is possible only in case of non-equilibrium conditions in the "subsurface water — congruently soluble rock" system. It is shown that intense karst development, leading to the formation of underground cavities and passages, is possible in the presence of convective mass transfer of dissolved substance, which is capable to redistribute considerable volumes in relatively short time. Specific features of karst development are considered by the example of its manifestation in carbonate, sulfate and chloride deposits.

Keywords: karst, methods of study, subsurface water, dissolution, thermodynamic analysis, the index of disequilibrium; karst in limestone, gypsum and rock salt.

SEISMICITY OF RUSSIA IN 2013

A. A. Malovichko*, M. V. Kolomiets*, A. I. Ruzaykin**

* Geophysical Survey, Russian Academy of Sciences,
pr. Lenina 189, Obninsk, Kaluga oblast, 249035 Russia.
E-mail: [email protected] cjm; [email protected] ru
**Sergeev Institute of Environmental Geosciences, Russian Academy of Sciences,
Ulanskii per., 13, bid. 2, Moscow, 101000 Russia. E-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Preliminary results of seismicity monitoring in the territory of Russia are presented for the year of 2013. The macroseismic effect of perceptible earthquakes manifested in the major active seismic zones of Russia is analyzed.

Keywords: seismic station, seismicity monitoring, magnitudes, macroseismic effect.

STATISTICAL ANALYSIS OF POLLUTANT DISTRIBUTION BY THE SURFACE SOIL LAYER IN URBAN AREAS USING MATHEMATICAL MODELS (LUR METHOD)

A. G. Buevich, A. M. Safina, A. P. Sergeev, A. N. Varaksin, A. N. Medvedev

Institute of Industrial Ecology, Ural Division, Russian Academy of Sciences,
ul. S. Kovalevskoi 20, Yekaterinburg, 620219 Russia

The applicability of Land Use Regression (LUR) method for pollutant distribution analysis in the upper layer of soil cover in urban areas is analyzed by the example of Yekaterinburg city. LUR is a new approach to describing the distribution of contaminants in the surface soil layer. The method combines instrumental measurement of the pollutant distribution with the compilation of statistical models on the basis of experimental data on the distribution of pollutants and geographic information systems (GIS). For the analysis, eighty-one soil samples were collected at the highway crossroads in the selected district. The chemical analysis of samples was performed using the Innov XX 5000 X-ray fluorescence spectrometer. To simplify the LUR analysis, we proposed to use roads as the area sources of polluting emissions. We analyzed the regression models to describe the spatial distribution of pollutants on the basis of experimental data on soil contamination and geographical information of Vtuzgorodok district of Yekaterinburg city.

Keywords: Land Use Regression, regression model, interpolation techniques, modeling techniques scattering, univariate analysis.

METHOD OF MEASURING STRESS-STRAIN STATE OF OIL AND GAS PIPELINES

S. V. Bekhterev*, A. A. Ginzburg*, A. B. Manukin**

*Schmidt Institute of Physics of the Earth, Russian Academy of Sciences,
B.Gruzinskaya ul., 10, Moscow,
123810 Russia. E-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
**Sergeev Institute of Environmental Geoscience, Russian Academy of Sciences,
Ulanskii per. 13, bid. 2, Moscow, 101000 Russia. E-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

The article discusses the method of determining the stress-strain state of oil and gas pipelines according to the largest variation of its curvature radius. Measurements are performed with sensitive tiltmeters, i.e., accelerometers, placed in several points of potentially dangerous sections of the route. Pipeline equipment with such a measuring system would reduce the risk of accidents and environmentally hazardous situations.

Keywords: oil and gas pipelines, monitoring, tiltmetric measuring, deformation, curvature radius, mechanical stress, accelerometer.