"GEOEKOLOGIYA" No 6, 2014

Contents of "GEOEKOLOGIYA" No 6, 2014

Influence of mining activity on the chemical composition of water ecosystems
V. M. Shulkin, E. N. Chernova, N. K. Khristoforova, S. I. Kozhenkova
483
ENVIRONMENT CONTAMINATION
Assessment of cemetery impact on contamination of groundwater and other environment components
I. V. Galitskaya, I. A. Pozdnyakova, G. I. Batrak, I. A. Kostikova
495
Pollution of snow cover in the territory of Kyzyl city
L. Kh. Tas-ool, N. N. Yanchat, A. I. Zhdanok, S. A. Chupikova
507
NATURAL AND HUMAN-INDUCED PROCESSES
Zoning of Bereznyaki territory (Perm krai, Russian Federation) by the geohazard degree
V. I. Osipov, Yu. A. Mamaev, A. A. Yastrebov
518
Prevention and mitigation of consequences of geohazard manifestation in cities
G. L. Koff, O. V. Borsukova
526
Seismicity in Russia in the year of 2012
O. E. Starovoit, M. V. Kolomiets, A. I. Ruzaykin
534
Geoecological respond of middle boreal landscapes in the Yenisei Siberia to global warming in the late XX - early XXI centuries
A. A. Medvedkov
541
RESEARCH METHODS AND TECHNIQUES
Forecast and control of non-stationary geomechanical processes in mining and constructional practice
A. M. Galperin, V. V. Cheskidov, Yu. V. Borodina, A. V. Demidov
553
Evaluating contributions of multiple sources of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons to territory pollution (Shelekhov, Irkutsk region)
M. Yu. Semenov, I.I. Marinaite
560
BOOK REVIEW
The acute monograph about the transformation of subsurface hydrosphere in the zone influenced by underground mines in the Urals
V. T. Trofimov, M. A. Kharkina
569
PEOPLE OF SCIENCE
In commemoration of Valentina Sergeevna Shibakova
 
571
AUTHORS' INDEX 
 
573

 

INFLUENCE OF MINING ACTIVITY ON THE CHEMICAL COMPOSITION OF WATER ECOSYSTEMS

V.M. Shulkin*, E.N. Chernova*, N.K. Khristoforova**, S.I. Kozhenkova*

* Pacific Geographical Institute, Far Eastern Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences, ul. Radio 7,
Vladivostok, 690041 Russia. E-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
**Far Eastern Federal University, ul. Sukhanova 8, Vladivostok, 690000 Russia

The chemical composition of water in the Rudnaya River and the adjacent sea area (Primorski krai, Russia) was investigated. Rudnaya River drains the eastern slope of Sikhote-Alin ridge, where the mining and ore dressing industrial activity has reduced significantly in the last 25-30 years. At the same time, the river pollution with metals remains high, and it has even increased in the middle and upper reaches of river. The anthropogenic impact on the adjacent sea area has been assessed by the trace metals accumulation in the brown macroalgae C. costata, F. evanescens and C. crassipes, which reflects the metal ingress through the atmosphere and river runoff. The reduction of atmospheric emissions due to closure of the Pb smelter plant is accompanied by the decreasing concentrations of Pb and Cu in the macroalgae found to the north of B. Rudnaya, where the influence of river runoff is minimal. The Pb concentration in the macroalgae is found to have decreased during the last 25-30 years in the coastal water to the south of the Rudnaya River mouth, where major part of river runoff is dissipated. The Cu and Zn concentrations are still high in the macroalgae, and it has even risen in F. evanescens.

Keywords: mining wastewater, river pollution, coastal area pollution, trace metals in macroalgae.

ASSESSMENT OF CEMETERY IMPACT ON CONTAMINATION OF GROUNDWATER AND OTHER ENVIRONMENT COMPONENTS

I. V. Galitskaya, 1. A. Pozdnyakova, G. I. Batrak, I. A. Kostikova

Sergeev Institute of Environmental Geoscience, Russian Academy of Sciences Ulanskii per. 13, bid. 2, Moscow, 101000 Russia. E-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

The necessity of geoenvironmental research in the territory adjacent to the cemetery has arisen in connection with its planned building up. Assessment of geoenvironmental conditions was based on the comprehensive studies of vadose zone, water-bearing deposits, ground- and surface water. The results of ecogeochemical research were used for developing the conceptual model of ground- and surface water contamination.

Keywords: groundwater, contamination, mineralization of organic substance, nitrogen compounds, chloride ion, oil products, sanitary protective zone.

POLLUTION OF SNOW COVER ON THE TERRITORY OF KYZYL CITY

L. Kh. Tas-ool*, **, N. N. Yanchat**, A. I. Zhdanok*, **, S. A. Chupikova**

* Tuva State University, Kyzyl, Republic of Tuva, 667000 Russia. E-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
** Tuva Institute for Exploration of Natural Resources, Siberian Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences,
Kyzyl, Republic of Tuva, 667010 Russia. E-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

The ecological and geochemical mapping of the areas of snow cover's pollution in Kyzyl is made by using GIS technology (ArcGIS 9.3).The mathematical model of the process of spreading of smoke emissions of heat power plant (HPP) is designed. The comparative analysis of theoretical and experimental diagrams of the contents of pollutants in snow cover allows to reveal anomalies and anthropogenic reasons of their accumulation.On most of the investigated territory the ecological situation at winter period is characterized by average degree of the contamination by pollution smoke emissions (Zc = 64—128).The local centers with high levels of contamination (Zc = 128-256) are located in the neighborhoods of the private sector with stove heating, in the district of petrol stations and industrial zone of the town.

Keywords: smoke emissions, snow cover, chemical composition, geochemical mapping, mathematical model of pollution distribution.

ZONING OF BEREZNYAKI TERRITORY (PERM KRAI, RUSSIAN FEDERATION) BY THE GEOHAZARD DEGREE

V. I. Osipov, Yu.A. Mamaev, and A. A. Yastrebov

Sergeev Institute of Environmental Geoscience, Russian Academy of Sciences,
Ulanskii per. 13, bld/2. Moscow, 101000 Russia. E-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

The paper characterizes engineering geological conditions in the Bereznyaki territory (Perm krai, Russia) and the specific features of the developing technonatural disastrous processes. The procedure of compiling the legend and the scheme of zoning urbanized area by the geohazard degree is presented based on the updated methods of engineering geological mapping. The risk-forming factors and geological processes are described within the distinguished zones for planning, monitoring, survey and costruction operations.

Keywords: engineering geological conditions, hazardous natural and technonatural processes, territory zoning, mapping procedure.

PREVENTION AND MITIGATION OF CONSEQUENCES OF GEOHAZARD MANIFESTATION IN CITIES

G. L. Koff , O. V. Borsukova

Institute of Water Problems, Russian Academy of Sciences,
ul. Gubkina 3, Moscow, 119333 Russia. E-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

In recent years, there has been a series of catastrophic manifestations of hazardous processes, i.e., disastrous floods in the southern part of Russia and in the Russian Far East, as well as the earthquakes in non-seismic regions. The article examines the prediction, prevention and mitigation of manifestations of such processes.

Keywords: flood, earthquake, risk, damage.

SEISMICITY IN RUSSIA IN THE YEAR OF 2012

O. E. Starovoit*, M. V. Kolomiets*, A. I. Ruzaykin**

*Geophysical Survey, Russian Academy of Sciences,
pr. Lenina 189, Obninsk, Kaluga oblast, 249035 Russia.
E-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. ; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
**Sergeev Institute of Environmental Geosciences, Russian Academy of Sciences, Ulanshiiper., 13, bid. 2 Moscow, 101000 Russia. E-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
Preliminary results of seismicity monitoring in the territory of Russia for the year of 2012 are presented.

The macroseismic effect of notable earthquakes manifested in major active seismic zones of Russia is analyzed.

Keywords: seismic station, seismicity monitoring, magnitudes, macroseismic effect.

GEOECOLOGICAL RESPOND OF MIDDLE BOREAL LANDSCAPES IN THE YENISEI SIBERIA TO GLOBAL WARMING IN THE LATE XX-EARLY XXI CENTURIES

A. A. Medvedkov

Faculty of Geography, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Leninskie gory 1,
Moscow, 119991 Russia. E-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

The article emphasizes the changes in the Yenisei Siberian middle boreal (taiga) landscapes caused by climate warming. Transformation of landscapes and natural systems' responses to outer influences are analyzed on the basis of repetitive studies. The cryogenic landscapes are ranked by their susceptibility to climate warming. The increasing problems of local inhabitants in taiga management are shown. Finally, the author offers possible options of diversifying the nature management in the boreal zone under the conditions of changing environment.

Keywords: climate warming, permafrost landscapes, landscape indicators, exodynamicprocesses, natural hazards, nature management in boreal zone.

FORECAST AND CONTROL OF NON-STATIONARY GEOMECHANICAL PROCESSES IN MINING AND CONSTRUCTIONAL PRACTICE

A. M. Galperin, V. V. Cheskidov, Yu. V. Borodina, A. V. Demidov

Moscow State Mining University,
Leninsky pr. 6, Moscow, 119991 Russia. E-mail: galperin This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

The issues in assessing deformation, strength and creep of clay deposits are discussed by the example of Kursk magnetic anomaly (KMA) and the region of Olympic construction in the vicinity of Sochi. The possibilities in applying the remote control over geomechanical processes upon mining and construction works, namely, aerial and space survey as well as GPS technologies are considered.

Keywords: mining works, hydrogeomechanical processes, rock massifs, coherent clay soils, creep, remote control.

EVALUATING CONTRIBUTIONS OF MULTIPLE SOURCES OF POLYCYCLIC AROMATIC HYDROCARBONS TO ТERRITORY POLLUTION (SHELEKHOV, IRKUTSK REGION)

M. Yu. Semenov, I.I. Marinaite

Limnological Institute, Siberian Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences,
Ulan-Batorskaya ul., 3, Irkutsk,664033 Russia. E-mail: [email protected] ru

The approach is proposed to identifying the sources of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and to evaluating the contribution of sources to the total fallout at the underlying surface. The results obtained from different tracers are discussed and the conclusion is made on tracer applicability.

Keywords: contaminant fallout, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, isomers, multicomponent mixing, contribution of sources.