"GEOEKOLOGIYA" No 2, 2013

Contents of "GEOEKOLOGIYA" No 2, 2013

Regularities of neotectonic structure at the Siberian platform
V.I. Makarov, S.V. Grigor'eva
99
PROCEEDINGS OF THE INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE "ENGEOPRO-2011"
Methodology of site investigation for extremely hazardous, technologically complicated and unique engineering structures
I. V. Dudler, N.M.Khayme, S.P. Lyarskii
115
Forecast of sinkhole development due to changes in hydrodynamic regime (case study of Dzerzhinskkarst area, Russia)
A. V. Anikeev, M. V. Leonenko
130
ENVIRONMENT CONTAMINATION
Specifics of formation of geochemical barriers in the zone influenced by industrial chemical dumps (Gomel chemical plant)
A.P. Gusev, O. V. Shershnyov, A.I. Pavlovski, I.O. Prilutski, A.F. Akulevich
147
UTILIZATION AND DISPOSAL OF WASTES
Experimental study of crystalline rock filtration properties implications for underground radioactive waste disposal
A.V. Zharikov, V.I. Velichkin, V.I. Malkovskii, and V.M. Shmonov
153
NATURAL AND HUMAN-INDUCED PROCESSES
Radon field of Moscow
PS. Miklyaev, V.I. Makarov, A.L. Dorozhko, T.B. Petrova, M.A. Marennyi, A.M. Marennyi, and V.M. Makeev
172
CHRONICLE
The Second All-Russia Young Professionals' Conference "Natural Science Fundamentals of the Theory and Methods of Environment Protection"
K.B. Grekov, A.L. Rizhinashvili
188
JUBILEES
Vladimir ViktorovichTolmachev (to the 75th birthday)
 
190

 

REGULARITIES OF NEOTECTONIC STRUCTURE AT THE SIBERIAN PLATFORM

V. I. Makarov and S. V. Grigor'eva

Sergeev Institute of Environmental Geoscience, Russian Academy of Sciences Ulanskii per. 13, bid. 2, Moscow, 101000 Russia. E-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

The experience in compiling a map of neotectonic structure for the Russian Federation territory to a scale 1 : 2 500 000 is considered. The specific parameters of neotectonic structures in platform areas (i.e., large sizes of the main structural forms; extremely low gradients, velocities and amplitudes of Late Cenozoic and recent tectonic movements, etc.) pose certain difficulties in mapping them. The map compilation was based on the results of performed specialized geological and geomorphological analysis as well as on the scientific and methodological concept eobtained from the prior experience in studying the platform and mountain neotectonics. The structural and geomorphological analysis is performed; and patterns of structure distribution and relationship between uplifts and depressions, as reflected in the major landforms in the territory of the Siberian platform are considered.

Key words: platform areas, neotectonics and recent tectonics, structural zoning, geodynamically active zones, lineaments.

METHODOLOGY OF SITE INVESTIGATION FOR EXTREMELY HAZARDOUS, TECHNOLOGICALLY COMPLICATED AND UNIQUE ENGINEERING STRUCTURES

I. V. Dudler, N. M. Khayme, S. P. Lyarskii

"EnergyProjectTechnology"
(State Corporation Rosatom), Bolshoi Strochenovskii per. 25a, Moscow, 115054 Russia. E-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. , This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. ,
This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Specific features are noted for the considered category of engineering structures. General issues of complex engineering research methodology and necessary conditions for research implementation at the required level are considered. Problems to be solved at every investigation stage (location, projecting and construction phases) are characterized. Special attention is paid to engineering-geological and engineering-ecological research aspects. Typical examples of site investigations are given, including site investigation for nuclear power plants.

Key words: complex engineering research, site investigation, extremely hazardous, technologically complicated and unique engineering structures, natural and technogenic system; stages of site investigation; preliminary technical conditions of construction, desk study; environment monitoring.

FORECAST OF SINKHOLE DEVELOPMENT DUE TO CHANGES IN HYDRODYNAMIC REGIME (CASE STUDY OF DZERZHINSK KARST AREA, RUSSIA)

A. V. Anikeev*, M. V. Leonenko**

*Sergeev Institute of Environmental Geoscience, RussianAcademy of Sciences,
Ulanskii per. 13, bid. 2, Moscow, 101000 Russia. E-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
**PC "Antikarst and Shore Protection", ul.Mayakovskogo33, Dzerzhinsk,
Nizhny Novgorod oblast, 606023 Russia. E-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

The close relationship between the frequency, intensity and dimensions of karst sinkholes and the three cycles of hydrodynamic pressure (15, 13 and 12 years long) is exemplified by the water intake influence zone located in Nizhny Novgorod region near Dzerzhinsk city. The approaches to and methods for local evaluation of territory stability are proposed and the indices of the process developing in the engineering-geological conditions at present are predicted.

Key words: gravity flow of granular solids, groundwater withdrawal, hydrodynamic pressure, hydro-fracturing, karst, karst-suffosion hazard, piping (mass suffosion), rock mass stability, sinkholes.

SPECIFICS OF FORMATION OF GEOCHEMICAL BARRIERS IN THE ZONE INFLUENCED BY INDUSTRIAL CHEMICAL DUMPS (GOMEL CHEMICAL PLANT)

A. P. Gusev, O. V. Shershnyov, A. I. Pavlovski, I. O. Prilutski, A. F. Akulevich

FranciskSkorinaGomelStateUniversity,
Sovetskayaul. 104, Gomel, 246019 Belarus.
E-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

The formation conditions and landscape structure have been estimated for the first time on the basis offield investigations within the influence zone of Gomel chemical plant. A complicated landscape structure has been revealed showing the technogenic transformation of vegetation, soil, relief and parental rocks. A wide variety of geochemical barriers is found, affecting essentially the pollution of surface and ground water.

Keywords: landscape, surface and ground water, industrial chemical dumps, contamination, geochemical barriers.

EXPERIMENTAL STUDY OF CRYSTALLINE ROCK FILTRATION PROPERTIES: IMPLICATIONS FOR UNDERGROUND RADIOACTIVE WASTE DISPOSAL

A. V. Zharikov*, V. I. Velichkin*, V. I. Malkovsky*, V. M. Shmonov**

* Institute of Geology of Ore Deposits, Petrography, Mineralogy and Geochemistry, Russian Academy of Sciences, Staromonetnyi per. 35, Moscow, 119017 Russia.
E-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
**Institute of Experimental Mineralogy, Russian Academy of Sciences, AkademikaOsipyanaul. 4,
Chernogolovka, Moscow region, 142432, Russia. E-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

New methods and approaches for study of filtration properties of crystalline rocks implemented with use of physical and numerical experiments were considered. The results obtained on the rock samples collected from the sites of probable allocation of HLW and SNF depositories or repositories: metavolcanitesfrom the area of PA Mayak. andgranitoids from the Krasnoyarsk MCC zone were presented. On the basis of the comparative analysis of the investigation results a complex of systematic methods for studying rocks in the sections of the wells drilled in the areas of probable allocation of the underground HLW and SNF depositories or repositories was proposed.

Key words: rock porosity and permeability, numerical and physical simulation, well HLW depositories.

RADON FIELD OF MOSCOW

P. S. Miklyaev*, V. I. Makarov*, A. L. Dorozhko*, T. B. Petrova**, M. A. Marennyi***, A. M. Marennyi***, and V. M. Makeev*

* Sergeev Institute of Environmental Geoscience, Russian Academy of Sciences, Ulanskii per. 13, bid. 2, Moscow, 101000 Russia.
E-mail; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
** Department of Radiochemistry, Chemical Faculty, MoscowStateUniversity, Leninskie gory, Moscow, 119992 Russia.
E-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
*** Radioecological Research State Co. (REI),
ul. Ostrovityanova6, Moscow, 117513 Russia. E-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Mapping of radon field in Moscow attested to its heterogeneity and subdivision into the background and abnormal areas. The spatial structure of the background radon field depends on the radium content in soil. Abnormal fields are controlled by the regional tectonic structure.

Key words: radon field, radon flux density, radon anomalies, geodynamically active zones, potential hazard of radon, neotectonics, endogeneous geodynamics, radioecology.