"GEOEKOLOGIYA" No 4, 2014

Contents of "GEOEKOLOGIYA" No 4, 2014

Disastrous flashflood in the Western Caucasus in July 2012: causes and consequences
G. G. Matishov, A. V. Kleshchenkov, I. V. Sheverdyaev
291
FUNCTIONING OF NATURAL AND NATURAL ANTHROPOGENIC SYSTEMS
Hydrogeological conditions of the Kuznetsovskii tunnel (the northern Sikhote-Alin)
G. A. Zlobin, V. V. Kulakov
304
Revising results of tracer tests in rocks of permafrost zone at "ALROSA" sites
F. G. Atroshchenko
317
ENVIRONMENT CONTAMINATION
Evaluation of ground pollution age in urban environment according to cesium-137 content
A. A. Seleznev, 1. V. Yaroshenko, A. N. Medvedev
329
Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in snow of the taiga zone background territories of the European northeast of Russia
M. I. Vasilevich, V. A. Beznosikov, D. N. Gabov
337
UTILIZATION AND DISPOSAL OF WASTES
Purification of heating plant sewage upon its interaction with mineral and organomineral formations
S. Kh. Pavlov, K. V. Chudnenko, A. I. Orgil'yanov, I. G. Kryukova, P. S. Badminov
344
NATURAL AND HUMAN-INDUCED PROCESSES
Karst hazard upon the flooding of potassium mine in Bereznyaki town (Perm krai, Russian Federation)
V. I. Osipov, A. A. Baryakh, I. A. Sanfirov, Yu. A. Mamaev, A. A. Yastrebov
356
Influence of barometric pressure variation on the subsurface water flow as assessed by the results of field pumping tests and monitoring observations
Yu. A. Norvatov, 1. B. Petrova, S. N. Kotlov
362
Ice wedge hazard assessment for linear objects
Yu. V. Stanilovskaya, V. P. Merzlyakov, D. O. Sergeev, A. N. Khimenkov
368
RESEARCH METHODS AND TECHNIQUES
Principles of GIS support of geoecological mapping for a regional level
V. G. Zaikanov, T. B. Minakova, E. V. Buldakova
380

 

DISASTROUS FLASHFLOOD IN THE WESTERN CAUCASUS IN JULY 2012: CAUSES AND CONSEQUENCES

G. G. Matishov*, A. V. Kleshchenkov**, I. V. Sheverdyaev*

*Southern Scientific Center, Russian Academy of Sciences, ul. Chekhova 41, Rostov-on-Don,
344006 Russia, E-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
** Institute of Arid Zones, Southern Scientific Center, Russian Academy of Sciences, ul. Chekhova 41, Rostov-on-Don, 344006 Russia. E-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

The results of field studies conducted in the flood-affected areas of Krasnodar region (July 6-7, 2012) are discussed. The geomorphological, chronological and hydrological analysis of the flashflood is performed.

Keywords: natural hazards, flood, Western Caucasus, flashflood.

HYDROGEOLOGICAL CONDITIONS OF THE KUZNETSOVSKII TUNNEL (THE NORTHERN SIKHOTE-ALIN)

G. A. ZIobin*, V. V. Kulakov**

*Far East State Transport University,
ul. Serysheva 47, Khabarovsk, 680000 Russia. E-mail: german This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
**Institute for Water and Ecological Problems, Far East Division, Russian Academy of Sciences
ul. Kim Yu Chena 65, Khabarovsk, 680000 Russia. E-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Geomechanical, hydrogeodynamic and hydrogeochemical processes operating in the tunnel pass area are considered. Hydrogeological risks arising upon exploitation of Kuznetsovskii tunnel are estimated.

Keywords: ground water, water inflow, chemical composition, Kuznetsovskii tunnel.

REVISING RESULTS OF TRACER TESTS IN ROCKS OF PERMAFROST ZONE AT "ALROSA" SITES

F. G. Atroshchenko

Research Institute of Mining Geomechanics and Mine Survey,
V.O. 22 line 3, bld.3, St.Petersburg,
199106 Russia. E-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Exploitation of diamond deposits and operation of dewatering systems are connected with creation of a number of potentially dangerous sources for environment contamination: an open pit, tailing ponds, switching ponds of concentrating mills, and tailing dumps of saltcontaining rocks. The volumes of contaminant tends to increase. For example, at Udachnaya diamond pipe the volume of containing toxic compounds brines with salinity up to 360 g/1 reached approximately 5-6 millions of cubic meters per year, presently. Under condition of restricted possibilities of save wastewater disposal, the environmental impact of mines will increase. So, the development of new methods for wastewater isolation and decreasing environmental risks is important.

Keywords: permafrost, tracer test, brine, open mining, diamond deposits, parameters.

EVALUATION OF GROUND POLLUTION AGE IN URBAN ENVIRONMENT ACCORDING TO CESIUM-137 СONTENT

A. A. Seleznev, I. V. Yarmoshenko, A. N. Medvedev

Institute of Industrial Ecology, Ural Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences,
ul. S. Kovalevskoi 20, Ekaterinburg, 620990 Russia. E-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

The approach to the determination of urban ground pollution age was developed using the cesium-137 content as the dating indicator. This approach is applied for the study of pollution of sediments in local landscape depressions. The cesium-137 concentrations were compared to the content of heavy metals content (lead, zinc iron) in the depression sediments of Ekaterinburg. The age of soil contamination was assessed. The analysis of the relation between concentrations of cesium-137 and heavy metals allows identifying metals that contribute significantly to the pollution of urban environment, assessing typical background concentrations in urban sediments and annual recharge of metals to sediments in different time periods.

Keywords: depression sediments, contamintation, heavy metals, cesium-137.

POLYCYCLIC AROMATIC HYDROCARBONS IN SNOW OF THE TAIGA ZONE BACKGROUND TERRITORIES OF THE EUROPEAN NORTH-EAST OF RUSSIA

M. I. Vasilevich, V. A. Beznosikov, D. N. Gabov

Institute of Biology, Komi Scientific Centre, Ural Branch, Russian Academy of Science,
ul. Kommunisticheskaya 28, Syktyvkar, Komi Republic, 167982 Russia.
E-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

We have analyzed the qualitative and quantitative composition of the polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) in the snow cover of background areas in the taiga zone of the Russian European northeast (the Komi Republic). In the studied area, the snow cover contains little PAH. In the general receipt balance, low-molecular 3,4-nuclear polyarenas prevail, and the share of heavy 5,6-nuclear PAH is insignificant. Near settlements and industrial centers, an insignificant growth in the mass fraction of benzapyrene is noted. The assessment criteria based on calculation of the polyarene ratios elucidate the influence of py-rogenic emission sources, as well as the increasing influence of components of oil products transformation on the formation of PAH composition from the south to the north in the studied territory.

Keywords: snow cover, background monitoring, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons.

KARST HAZARD UPON THE FLOODING OF POTASSIUM MINE IN BEREZNYAKI TOWN (PERM KRAI, RUSSIAN FEDERATION)

V. I. Osipov*, A. A. Baryakh**, I. A. Sanfirov**, Yu. A. Mamaev*, A. A. Yastrebov*

* Sergeev Institute of Environmental Geoscience, Russian Academy of Sciences,
Ulanskiiper. 13, bid.2, Moscow, 101000 Russia. E-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
** Mining Institute, Ural Division, Russian Academy of Sciences,
ul. Sibirskaya 78a, Perm, 614007 Russia.
E-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

The paper considers the consequences of the largest human-induced disaster at the Bereznyaki potassium mine in Perm krai that developed in 2006—2008. Engineering geological conditions of territory, as well as hydrogeological specifics and actively operating geological processes are characterized. The most important natural and human-induced factors accompanying the flooding of mine workings and resulting in the formation of large karst collapses at the surface are described.

Keywords: Verkhnekamskoe deposit of potassium and magnesium salts, engineering geological conditions, hazardous geological processes, karst collapses.

INFLUENCE OF BAROMETRIC PRESSURE VARIATION ON THE SUBSURFACE WATER FLOW AS ASSESSED BY THE RESULTS OF FIELD PUMPING TESTS AND MONITORING OBSERVATIONS

Yu. A. Norvatov, I. B. Petrova, S. N. Kotlov

National University of Mineral Resources, 21st line, 2, V.I., St. Petersburg, 199106 Russia. E-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

The article presents the typification of hydrogeological structures according to the influence of barometric pressure fluctuation on subsoil water flow. The analytic dependences are suggested for adjusting sensor-measured hydraulic pressures and water heads in open piezometers upon interpreting the pumping test results and monitoring data. Examples are given of proposed method application.

Keywords: pumping test, monitoring observations, groundwater heads, barometric pressure, hydrostatics, measurement adjustment, conductivity parameters.

ICE WEDGE HAZARD ASSESSMENT FOR LINEAR OBJECTS

Yu. V. Stanilovskaya, V. P. Merzlyakov, D. O. Sergeev, A. N. Khimenkov

Sergeev Institute of Environmental Geoscience, Russian Academy of Sciences,
Ulansky per. 13, bid. 2, Moscow, 101000 Russia.
E-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. , This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

The paper discusses the potential thermokarst hazard assessment along the ice wedge polygonal network by using the probability calculation for linear objects. The cases of intersections between the linear objects and polygonal network were identified; and the potential thawed ice wedge areas were classified to three categories (maximum, minimum and mean). The number of hazard sources, their dimensions and characteristics for the linear objects on the polygonal territory were calculated. The results obtained are applicable to the stages of a feasibility study of the construction and route planning, as well as for the assessment of future problems during operation.

Keywords: probability, linear object, polygons, ice wedges, random line, thermokarst.

PRINCIPLES OF GIS SUPPORT OF GEOECOLOGICAL MAPPING FOR A REGIONAL LEVEL

V. G. Zaikanov, T. B. Minakova, E. V. Buldakova

Sergeev Institute of Environmental Geoscience, Russian Academy of Sciences,
Ulanskiiper. 13, bid. 2, Moscow, 101000 Russia. E-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

The basic principles of geoecological mapping of the region are discussed: informational software must comply with the intended purpose of geoenvironmental maps for territory management and planning organizations, mapping represents a sequential process - the result of each previous stage is the input for the next one, and the result of the work is a set of maps. The database structure as well as the resulting mapping and statistical data are proposed. Geoecological mapping is based on GIS software packages, which are used for the assessment of geosystems and regional environmental planning.

Keywords: geoecological mapping of the region, information system, digital database, a set of geoenvironmental maps.