"GEOEKOLOGIYA" No 5, 2014

Contents of "GEOEKOLOGIYA" No 5, 2014

Specific response of weak water-saturated soils to dynamic impact upon earthquakes
I. G. Mindel, V. V. Sevostyanov, B. A. Trifonov, and N. A. Ragozin
387
FUNCTIONING OF NATURAL AND NATURAL ANTHROPOGENIC SYSTEMS
Hydrogeochemical features of water-rock interaction in Verkhnekamskiy saliferous basin
V. I. Osipov, V. P. Zverev, I. A. Kostikova, Yu. A. Mamaev
402
ENVIRONMENT CONTAMINATION
Assessment of atmosphere pollution in urbanized areas of Tomsk region by the results of snow cover study
A. V. Talovskaya, E. G. Yazikov, E. A. Filimonenko
408
Distribution of persistent organic pollutants in the soil-atmosphere system in Syberia and the Far East of Russia
E. A. Mamontova, E. N. Tarasova, M. I. Kuzmin, B. Z. Borisov, A. P. Bulban, S. I. Levshina, E. V. Lepskaya, O. D. Tregubov, S. G. Yurchenko, A. A. Mamontov
418
Estimation of ecological consequences of placer gold extraction on the Amur River
E. G. Egidarev, E. A. Simonov
429
NATURAL AND HUMAN-INDUCED PROCESSES
Erosion processes in natural and anthropogenic southern-taiga geosystems in the West Siberian Plain and their geoecological aspects
N. S. Evseeva, Z. N. Kvasnikova, E. I. Lyudkevich
442
SOIL AND ROCK ENGINEERING
Analysis of the soil structure by the scanning electron microscope — X-ray computed microtomograph system (SEM-u€T)
L. G. Bulygina, V. N. Sokolov, M. S. Chernov, O. V. Razgulina, D. I. Yurkovets
450
RESEARCH METHODS AND TECHNIQUES
Permanent mathematical engineering geological model of Khanty-Mansiysk
I. V. Abaturova, E. M. Taktuev, I. G. Kovyazin
457
BOOK REVIEW
A fundamental edition about soils and rocks in Russia
E. M. Dobrov
469
CHRONICLE
The jubilee conference devoted to the centennial anniversary of academician Evgenii Mikhailovich Sergeev
V. I. Osipov, O. N. Eremina
471
PEOPLE OF SCIENCE
To the 125th anniversary of Ivan Vasil'evich Popov
N. A.Platov, A. D. Potapov, N. A. Lavrova
475
In memory of Grigorii L'vovich Koff
 
478
JUBILEES
Sergei Il'ich Pakhomov (to the 90th birthday)
 
480

 

SPECIFIC RESPONSE OF WEAK WATER-SATURATED SOILS TO DYNAMIC IMPACT UPON EARTHQUAKES

I. G. Mindel, V. V. Sevostyanov, B. A. Trifonov, and N. A. Ragozin

Sergeev Institute of Environmental Geoscience, Russian Academy of Sciences Ulanskii per. 13, bid.2, Moscow, 101000 Russia. E-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Specifics in response of weak soils to strong earthquakes are considered. Reduction or increase in peak level of fluctuation at the surface depends on simultaneous influence of nonlinear and resonant processes in weak soils. Examples of weak soils behavior at intense earthquakes are given. The possibility to predict their response to strong influence by means of calculations under computer programs is pointed out.

Keywords: weak water-saturated soils, physico-mechanical properties of soils, seismic microzoning, seismic impact.

HYDROGEOCHEMICAL FEATURES OF WATER-ROCK INTERACTION IN VERCHNEKAMSKIY SALIFEROUS BAISIN

V. I. Osipov, V. P. Zverev, I. A. Kostikova, Yu. A. Mamaev

Sergeev Institute of Environmental Geoscience, Russian Academy of Sciences Ulanskii per. 13, bid. 2. Moscow, 101000 Russia. E-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. , This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Hydrogeochemical features of water interaction with soluble minerals are considered by the example of Solikamskaya depression with spread salt strata in natural (area of Verchnekamskaya hydropower plant) and technogenically transformed (area of Berezniki town) environments. It is shown that the preservation of rock and potassium salt is possible only upon maintaining hydrogeochemical groundwater regime that provides stability of gypsum facially replaced by salt. Gypsum protects the latter from contact with highly aggressive groundwater and, thus, from intense dissolution.

Key words: Verк fine learns iy saliferous basin, halite, gypsum, anhydrite, calcite, dolomite, groundwater, imbalance degree, dissolution, karst, thermodynamic analysis.

ASSESSMENT OF ATMOSPHERE POLLUTION IN URBANIZED AREAS OF TOMSK REGION BY THE RESULTS OF SNOW COVER STUDY

A. V. Talovskaya, E. G. Yazikov, E. A. Filimonenko

Tomsk National Research Polytechnic University, pr. Lenina 30, Tomsk, 634050 Russia.
E-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

The paper presents the research results on air pollution with dust in Tomsk region using the snow survey. Data are presented on the average content of 29 chemical elements in the insoluble phase of snow cover in different areas of the Tomsk region and Tomsk city. Each studied area in the Tomsk region is characterized by the particular set of chemical elements in the snow insoluble phase. The results show that dust containing these elements comes from local sources as well as from industrial enterprises in Tomsk region and neighbor areas.

Keywords: snow, solid aerosol particles, heavy metals, rare and radioactive elements, nuclear fuel complex, Tomsk region.

DISTRIBUTION OF PERSISTENT ORGANIC POLLUTANTS IN THE SOIL-ATMOSPHERE SYSTEM IN SIBERIA AND THE FAR EAST OF RUSSIA

E. A. Mamontova*, E. N. Tarasova* , M. I. Kuzmin*, B. Z. Borisov**, A. P. Bulban***, S .1. Levshina****, E. V. Lepskaya*****, O. D. Tregubov******, S. G. Yurchenko*******,

A. A. Mamontov*
* Vinogradov Institute of Geochemistry, Siberian Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences, ul. Favorskogo
1A, Irkutsk, 664033 Russia. E-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
** Institute for Biological Problems in Permafrost Zone, Siberian Branch, Russian Academy of Science, pr. Lenina 4, Yakutsk, 677980 Russia. E-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
*** North-East Interdisciplinary Research Institute, Far Eastern Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences,
Portovaya ul. 16, Magadan, 685000 Russia. E-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
**** Institute of Water and Ecological Problems, Far Eastern Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences, ul. Kim Yu Chena 65,, Khabarovsk, 680000 Russia. E-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
***** Kamchatka Research Institute of Fishery and Oceanography, ul. Naberezhnaya 18, Petropavlovsk-Kamchatski, 683000 Russia. E-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
******North-East Interdisciplinary Research Institute Far Eastern Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences,
ul. Energetikov 15, Anadyr, 689000 Russia. E-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
******* Pacific Institute of Geography, Far Eastern Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences, ul. Radio 7,
Vladivostok, 690041 Russia. E-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

The paper presents the information about the distribution of PCBs and OCPs in the soil - atmospheric air system in summer 2008 in the territory of some regional industrial centers and adjacent agricultural areas of Eastern Siberia, the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia) and the Far East of Russia. The nonuniform distribution of PCBs and OCPs in soil and atmospheric air of investigated areas was revealed. The distribution is controlled by atmospheric transport and local sources associated with the use of either PCB technical mixture (Sovol or TCD) or pesticides both in present and in the past, as well as with the volatilization of toxicants from the surface of previously contaminated soils.

Keywords: persistent organic pollutants, soil, atmospheric air, atmospheric transport, risk assessment.

ESTIMATION OF ECOLOGICAL CONSEQUENCES OF PLACER GOLD EXTRACTION ON THE AMUR RIVER

E.G. Egidarev*, E.A. Simonov**

*Pacific Geographical Institute, Far East Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences /
Amur Branch, WWF-Russia, ul.Radio 7, Vladivostok, 690041 Russia. E-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
**Rivers without Boundaries International Coalition, Dalian, China.
E-mail: [email protected] com

Based on remote sensing data, the thematic mapping of watercourses transformed by gold mining within the Amur River basin was compiled and their numerical rating was calculated. Using GIS technologies, the attempt was made to fully estimate the scale and distribution of the impact from gold mining enterprises and to identify possible management activities on its minimization. For the first time, based on the obtained data the basin wide assessment of the consequences of stream gold mining in the Far Eastern region was carried out. Basic data on gold production in terms of river basins was presented.

Keywords: gravel deposit, gold, ecological mapping, Amur basin, satellite image.

EROSION PROCESSES IN NATURAL AND ANTHROPOGENIC SOUTHERN-TAIGA GEOSYSTEMS IN THE WEST SIBERIAN PLAIN AND THEIR GEOECOLOGICAL ASPECTS

N. S. Evseeva, Z. N. Kvasnikova, E. I. Lyudkevich

Tomsk state national research university,
pr. Lenina 36, Tomsk, 634050 Russia. E-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Soil erosion in the southern taiga geosystems of the West Siberian Plain caused by thawed snow water is studied. The intensity of soil erosion manifestation at the Luchanovsky key site is characterized.

Keywords: geoecological studies, soil erosion, washout intensity.

ANALYSIS OF THE SOIL STRUCTURE BY THE SCANNING ELECTRON MICROSCOPE-X-RAY COMPUTED MICROTOMOGRAPH SYSTEM (SEM-µСТ)

L. G. Bulygina, V. N. Sokolov, M. S. Chernov, O. V. Razgulina, D. I. Yurkovets

Geological Faculty, Moscow State University, Leninskie gory 1, Moscow, 119991 Russia.
E-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

The paper deals with a new method for analyzing the structure of dispersed soils by the scanning electron microscopy and X-ray computed microtomography system and technique of its implementation based on possibility to combine the results of macro- and microstructure investigations in a total data massive with "STIMAN" software. Testing this method on a large collection of soils of different age, genesis, and lithification degree allowed us, in addition to micropores, to reveal a category of macropores and to evaluate their contribution to the total porosity, which increased significantly the accuracy of the studies in pore space structure of clay soils.

Keywords: microstructure, macrostructure, clay soils, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-ray computed microtomography (µCT), structure quantitative analysis.

PERMANENT MATHEMATICAL ENGINEERING GEOLOGICAL MODEL OF KHANTY-MANSIYSK

I. V. Abaturova, E. M. Taktuev, I. G. Kovyazin

Ural State Mining University, ul. Kuibysheva 30, Yekaterinburg, 620144 Russia.
E-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

The article discusses the problem of developing a permanent mathematical engineering-geological model. Its three-level structure is described, and the cartographic model of Khanty-Mansiysk is given. Four categories of sites are distinguished in the city: stable, moderately stable, low stable and unstable.

Keywords: permanent mathematical model, factual database, map database, GIS, geotechnical processes, factors of engineering-geological conditions.